https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1046708836407685122 Both sides said Trudeau made a concession on dairy, giving U.S. farmers more access to the protected Canadian market than the 3.25 per cent Canada granted its partners in the earlier Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. A Canadian official said the U.S. would be given 3.6 per cent. The Trump official said Canada had also agreed to eliminate its “Class 7” pricing system for certain milk ingredients, an irritant to farmers in Wisconsin and New York. “We’ve had a great result for our dairy farmers,” the Trump official said. Both sides said there had not been a resolution on the issue of the steel and aluminum tariffs Trump imposed on Canada or the retaliatory tariffs Trudeau imposed on various U.S. products. There were no changes related to “TN” visas for professional workers. Canada had wanted the list of eligible occupations expanded, while the U.S. had wanted it reduced; they settled on leaving it the same. Difficult NAFTA negotiations have been a significant source of tension between U.S. President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, seen here at the G7 meeting in Quebec in June. (EVAN VUCCI/ASSOCIATED PRESS FILE PHOTO) The Trump official said the two sides had agreed to phase out the investor-state dispute settlement system, “Chapter 11,” that allows corporations to sue governments. Both the Trump administration and Trudeau disliked the system, though Trudeau had not said so publicly. Canada gave ground on intellectual property, agreeing to a U.S. demand to extend copyright terms from the previous standard — the life of the author plus 50 additional years — to the life of the author plus 70 years. Canada also agreed, according to the Canadian official, to extend certain protections for pharmaceutical patent data from eight years to 10 years, a change opposed by generic drug makers. Canada agreed to raise its low threshold for applying duties on U.S. goods purchased by Canadian online shoppers. The deal includes a kind of “sunset clause,” which the U.S. had wanted, but far from the five-year termination clause the U.S. had initially proposed, which Trudeau said he could not accept. Instead, the agreement is set to last for at least 16 years. After six years, the three countries would conduct a joint review and then could agree to extend the agreement for an additional 16 year. If they did not agree to a 16-year extension at the six-year mark, they would meet again every year to see if they could hash out their differences and figure out how to agree to the extension. In a joint statement issued Sunday night, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said the agreement “will result in freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region.” “It will strengthen the middle class, and create good, well-paying jobs and new opportunities for the nearly half billion people who call North America home,” they said. They said the agreement would be called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA.